The family of Yaroslav the Wise has its roots in Rurik (Yaroslav is the great-great-grandfather), who was called to reign by Novgorod and founded the dynasty for many centuries, ruled the Russian state.
The father of Yaroslav was Vladimir I the Baptist – it was he who was the first of the Russian princes to adopt Christianity and made it the state religion of Kievan Rus. It is considered the father of 13 sons and at least 10 daughters from different women.
The mother of Yaroslav the Wise was Polotsk Princess Rogneda. She was supposed to be the wife of Vladimir’s brother, Yaropolk, and she refused Vladimir herself, not wanting to become the wife of the “son of a slave”. Vladimir captured Polotsk, raped Rogneda in front of her parents, and then killed her father and two brothers.
There is a historical theory (based on the Chitmar chronicle), according to which during the capture of Kiev by the Polish king Boleslav I, in addition to relatives of Prince Yaroslav, his first wife, Anna, was kidnapped. However, there is no exact evidence for this.
Swedish Princess Ingigerda
Received in a dowry the city of Aldeigaborg (now the village of Staraya Ladoga) with adjacent lands, which have since received the name Ingermanland – “the land of the people of Ingigerd.”
She founded the first convent in Kyiv. Widowed in 1054, tonsured a nun named Anna and died in Novgorod according to various versions in 1050 or 1056.
(1020 — 1052)
In 1042, Vladimir made a victorious campaign on the tribes Yam’ (territory of Southern Finland), and the next 1043 he went to Byzantium together with III the Cruel. The Byzantine campaign ended in failure, but there is a version that in 1044, Vladimir took Chersonese.
It was canonized by the Russian Orthodox Church in the 15th century, as “the holy noble prince Vladimir Yaroslavich of Novgorod”.
In 1060, Andras was defeated by his brother Bela, and soon after he died, and Anastasia with her children was forced to flee to the German king Henry IV. A few years later, Anastasia was able to take advantage of the situation and, with the help of the German king, returned the throne to her son.
Izyaslav (Dmitry) Yaroslavich
(1024 — 1078)
Together with his brothers Svyatoslav and Vsevolod, they created the Triumvirate of Yaroslavichy – the princes ruled the southern lands of Kievan Rus in 1054-1073 without entering into a confrontation. Enmity broke out between the brothers in 1073, and in 1078 Izyaslav died during a battle with the troops of his nephews.
In the winter of 1043/1044, she married Harald, who long and stubbornly sought her hand from Yaroslav the Wise. In 1046, Harald became king of Norway, he and Elizabeth moved to his kingdom. She gave birth to her husband two daughters – Maria and Ingegerd, who later married the Danish king Olaf Sveinsson and became the Queen of Denmark.
Svyatoslav (Nikolay) Yaroslavich
On November 1, 1068, near Snovsk, Svyatoslav defeated the Polovtsians after being defeated by them on the Alta River with his brothers.
In 1073, having entered into a conspiracy with Vsevolod, overthrew Izyaslav, who fled to Europe. December 27, 1076 Svyatoslav died in the 50th year of life, becoming the first known victim of an unsuccessful surgical operation in Russia: he died from “cutting the tumor”.
Vsevolod (Andrey) Yaroslavich
In 1046 he married a relative (presumably a daughter) of the Byzantine emperor Constantine IX Monomakh, from the marriage with which Vladimir Monomakh was born – the future grand duke.
He reigned in Kyiv in 1076-1077 and from 1078 until the end of his life, he was the first ruler of Kyiv, who used the title “Prince of All Russia.”
The 17th-century historian Francois de Mesere wrote that Henry I of France “received fame about the charms of the princess, namely Anna, daughter of George (the name of Yaroslav in baptism) , king of Russia, now Muscovy, and he was fascinated by the story of her accomplishments. ” Anna gave birth to four children, including the future king of France, Philip I. She was known in France as Anna Russkaya or Anna Kievskaya.
Like his brother Vyacheslav, Igor died at an early age – in 1060. At the time of his death, he was about 24 years old. He left his young sons: Davyd and Vsevolod, who became rogue princes and, by the decision of the senior Yaroslavichs, did not inherit lands from their father.